The Noida Master Plan 2031: An Analysis and its Implications for the Future
The Noida Master Plan 2031 was recently approved by the Uttar Pradesh government as a framework for the development of Noida over the next 10 years. Noida, located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district adjacent to Delhi, has emerged as a major hub for IT/ITeS, electronics, telecom and manufacturing companies over the past two decades. The city is also an important residential hub in the National Capital Region.
The new Master Plan aims to build on Noida's strength as an economic and residential center while also addressing issues of sustainable growth, infrastructure development, resource management, and quality of life for its residents. Here is a detailed analysis of some of the key aspects of the Master Plan 2031:
Land Use Plan
The Master Plan has proposed optimized land use by rationalizing the allocation for different purposes. Residential areas will now occupy around 40% of the total land, down from about 50% earlier. This step appears to be aimed at controlling rapid unplanned expansion of housing projects. Commercial areas have been increased from the current 6% to 10% of land in order to provide more opportunities for office spaces, banks, hotels, etc.
Around 20% of the area has been allocated for recreational and public spaces like parks, green belts and sports facilities. This is a welcome move given the rising population pressure on existing open spaces. Industrial land use has gone up marginally from the current 6% to 7%. The plan also emphasizes redevelopment of existing industrial areas such as Sector 6, 7, 8 and improving infrastructure there rather than needlessly acquiring new land.
Overall, the optimized land use pattern as per global standards will allow planned and sustained growth over the next two decades.
Noida is projected to have a population of over 5 million by 2031, up from the current 0.7 million. The Master Plan aims to accommodate this projected growth by expanding residential areas and increasing density norms. Several new sectors have been proposed for residential development with capacity for around 0.6-0.8 million housing units.
The earlier norm of maximum 4 houses per acre has been increased to 7.5 houses per acre on average. This will create more high-density housing pockets focused around neighborhood commercial centers and transport corridors. The higher FAR (floor area ratio) allowed is expected to promote vertical growth rather than unchecked horizontal expansion as seen earlier.
To decongest existing residential sectors, the Master Plan also proposes redevelopment at higher FAR. Overall, the housing plan is expected to meet the demands of the rising population while also discouraging uncontrolled development seen earlier.
The Master Plan lays strong emphasis on improving physical and social infrastructure in Noida to make it more livable.
Around 12% of the total land has been allocated for public utilities like power stations, sewage treatment plants, solid waste management sites etc. New drainage and sewerage networks will be developed along with augmentation of power and water supply.
For better connectivity, the Metro network will be expanded, and road widening as well as new elevated corridors have been proposed. The road network is expected to increase from 1200 km currently to 2500 km by 2031.
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Noida has grown into an engine of economic growth driven by industries like IT, electronics and telecom. The Master Plan aims to further boost employment by earmarking more land for commercial activity and also developing service industries.
SEZs and industrial parks have been proposed for manufacturing units, especially around the proposed Jewar Airport. Flatted factory complexes will be developed for MSMEs and electronic hardware units. The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector is expected to be a major employment generator.
For the service industry, special service centers have been planned along wide roads and expressways. IT/ITES will continue to thrive in established hubs like Sectors 125, 135, 62, 67 etc. which can be expanded vertically.
If the economic plans are implemented properly, Noida can witness massive growth in professional jobs over the next decade.
Sustainability and Environment
Previous Noida Master Plans have been criticized for lack of emphasis on environmental sustainability. The Master Plan 2031 seeks to rectify this through green belts, improved public transport and planned development.
For cleaner air, buses and shared mobility will be promoted over private vehicles. Separate walking and cycling tracks have also been proposed.
The Master Plan also has strong provisions for water conservation, waste management and renewable energy usage. Green building norms will be made mandatory for all new constructions.
Challenges in Implementation
The Noida Master Plan 2031 is undoubtedly visionary in its proposals. However, effective implementation will require proactive governance and discipline from town planners and citizens alike.
Land acquisition for new proposed projects may become controversial in some areas. Farmers who stand to lose their land will need to be compensated and rehabilitated properly.
Encroachment on public land by builders for unauthorized construction has been rampant in the past. The authorities will have to take strict action to prevent this, otherwise haphazard growth cannot be controlled.
The Noida Master Plan 2031 provides a progressive roadmap for building a world-class, environmentally sustainable city. It covers all major areas like housing, economy, infrastructure, transportation and citizen welfare. Comprehensive planning has been done keeping in view the long-term growth trends.